Traumatic Brain Injury Treatment and Rehabilitation
Injuries to the brain may change things forever, but it's important to know the steps of traumatic brain injury treatment and rehabilitation, and how it can help after an accident.
A brain injury is often referred to as the “silent killer” because they are extremely common and yet never discovered until severe symptoms appear. Mild and severe brain injuries may occur due to the negligence or malicious actions of another person.
Road accidents, medical malpractice, slips and falls are common causes for brain injuries to occur due to the actions of another person. These injuries are often distressing life experiences that cause a significant burden on the victim and their loved ones.
Thus, timely traumatic brain injury treatment and detect can prevent irreparable damage that leads to a compromised quality of life.
Diagnosis of Injury
A brain injury can occur in many situations. A fall down the staircase, slipping on a wet surface, traffic collisions and so on. In each of these situations, head injuries may occur along with other damage. The following symptoms can be detected in a person with a potential brain injury:
--- Unconsciousness (for a few minutes or longer)
--- Blurred vision
--- Ringing in the ears
--- Headache (often as a persistent pain for days)
--- Slurred speech
1. The Glasgow Coma Scale
The Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) helps to assess the severity of the brain injury. It is a test that checks a number of brain functions including:
--- Ability to follow directions
--- Ability to move eyes and limbs
--- Coherent speech
The test scores the person’s consciousness and neurological abilities from 3 to 15.
A person with a score of 13 to 15 may have a mild brain injury.
Lower scores such as those between 9 to 12 or 8 and lower correspond to moderate and severe brain injuries respectively.
2. Imaging Tests
Imaging tests can reveal the exact nature of the damage. CT (computerized tomography) scans are performed to get a detailed view of the brain. Such scans can reveal contusions, brain tissue swelling, blood clots (hematoma) and internal bleeding (hemorrhage).
Once the person’s condition has stabilized or symptoms do not disappear completely, an MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) scan may be done. This test uses powerful radio waves and magnets to create a detailed scan.